If you are hoping to get pregnant, do not leave it to only Luck. While some couples can get this simply by talking but for yes; it may require time and efforts. Then how to get pregnant?
The most important thing a woman can do in this regard is to know about her body specifically her menstrual cycle, said by Dr. Mary Ellen Pavone, a reproductive endocrinologist and infertility specialist at Northwestern Medicine’s Fertility and Reproductive Medicine department in Chicago.
According to Pavone, there are several things a woman can adapt to increase the chances to conceive and get pregnant. Starting from the prediction of ovulation to the dos and don’ts of the whole course one can maximize her fertility.
To optimize a woman’s fertility, taking care of her body is the first best step. What else should a woman do to improve her odds of getting pregnant? Here are 9 best tips which can help a woman increase her chances of getting pregnant.
1. Keep Record of Menstrual Cycle
A woman who wants to get pregnant should keep a record of her menstrual cycle. She should monitor whether her menstrual cycle starts the same number of days apart in every month, which is considered a regular cycle.
Conversely, this cycle can be irregular, meaning her cycle length can vary month to month. A woman can better predict the days when she will be ovulating (releasing) by tracking this information.
2. Monitor Ovulation
Women with regular menstrual cycle ovulate about two weeks before the start of the cycle. It is difficult to predict the time of ovulation in women with irregular cycles, however, it is usually before 12 to 16 days of the start of her next cycle.
Ovulation monitoring is very important for getting pregnant as according to the American’s Pregnancy Association a female’s egg is fertile for only 12 to 24 hours after its release while a male sperm can survive in woman’s body for up to 5 days.
There are several methods which a woman can use to determine her most fertile days every month such as ovulation predictions kits or to track cervical mucous closely.
3. Determine Fertile Window
What is the Fertile Window? The fertile window spans a six days interval including the five days before ovulation and the day of ovulation.
According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, “These are the days of each month when a woman is most fertile”.
There are websites and fertility tracking apps available to track fertile window, however, they are not so accurate. Keeping track of one’s most fertile days and having sex every other day during those days increase the chances of getting pregnant.
4. Maintain a Healthy Body Weight
An ideal BMI aids a lot in getting pregnant. Being too heavy reduces the chances of a woman to get pregnant while being too slim reduces it even more.
According to recent research, an overweight woman can take twice as long to get pregnant than a woman with normal BMI and underweight may take four times to conceive. Hence maintaining healthy body weight is very important to get pregnant.
Having too many fats can increase the production of estrogen which can disturb ovulation and women who are too thin usually have irregular menstrual cycles which create hurdle in pregnancy.
5. Take Prenatal Vitamins
Doctors recommend that women who are trying to conceive should take prenatal vitamins even before pregnancy. According to The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention urges the woman to take 400 micrograms of folic acid every day at least before one month of getting pregnant. This will prevent birth defects in the baby’s brain and spine.
Taking prenatal vitamins before pregnancy is important because the neural tube develops in the baby’s brain and spine just after 3 to 4 weeks of conception before many women even noticed they have conceived.
6. Eat Healthy Food
Although there is no specific fertility promoting diet, however, eating healthy food prepares a woman body for the pregnancy by providing essential nutrients such as iron, calcium, and protein, etc.
When trying to get pregnant, a woman should reduce consumption of food such as high mercury fish or caffeine.
7. Avoid Strenuous Workouts
Being active most of the time facilitate a woman to prepare for the pregnancy and labor. However, too much strenuous exercises can disturb the menstrual cycle and ovulation.
Doctors see a lot of menstrual problems in women because of their heavy exercise routine and most of the time they have to avoid such exercises if they want to get pregnant.
8. Be aware of Age-Related Fertility Decline
As a woman get older, her fertility reduces and because of age-related changes in ovaries, the quality and quantity of her eggs also decrease.
With increasing age, there is also a risk for some other health problems such as uterine fibroids and blockage of fallopian tubes. These health issues can greatly decrease the fertility of a woman.
9. Stop Smoking and Drugs
Smoking and alcohol cause serious problems for both male and female fertility. The toxic chemicals present in cigarette smoke i.e. nicotine and carbon monoxide accelerate the loss rate of a woman’s egg hence reduce the chances of fertilization.
Smoking ages, a woman’s ovaries and depletes her supply of egg prematurely”.
10. Know When to Seek Help
With regular unprotected sex, most healthy couples conceive within a year. If a woman is younger than 35 and she and her husband are in good health, they should try it their own for one year before consulting doctor.
If a woman is older than 35 or her partner has suspected fertility issue, they should consider seeking help sooner.
For a woman who has decided to start a family, the above-mentioned tips can help a lot. However, if a woman has failed to become pregnant after one year of unprotected intercourse on a regular basis (every 2-3 days) both male and female partners should consult a specialist and consider infertility evaluation.